Organ Donation-A gift of Life
Organ Donation Day is observed every year on 13th of August. Due to lack of awareness, there are myths and fears in peoples’mind about organ donation. The aim of this day is to motivate normal human beings to pledge to donate organs after death, and to spread awareness about the importance of organ donation.
Organ Donation is donating a donor’s organs like heart, liver, kidneys, intestines, lungs, and pancreas, after the donor dies, for the purpose of transplanting them into another person who is in need of an organ.
According to a survey In India every year about:
500,000 people die because of non-availability of organs, 200,000 people die due to liver disease, and 50,000 people die because of heart disease. Moreover, 150,000 people await a kidney transplant but only 5,000 get among them.
The organ donor can play a big role in saving others’ life. The organ of the donor can be transplanted to the patient who needs it urgently.
Facts about Organ Donation
- Anybody can be an organ donor irrespective of their age, caste, religion, community etc
- There is no defined age for donating organs. The decision to donate organs is based on strict medical criteria, not age.
- Tissues such as cornea, heart valves, skin, and bone can be donated in case of natural death but vital organs such as heart, liver, kidneys, intestines, lungs, and pancreas can be donated only in the case of ‘brain death’.
- Organs such as the heart, pancreas, liver, kidneys and lungs can be transplanted to those recipients whose organs are failing because it allows many recipients to return to a normal lifestyle.
- Anyone younger than age 18 needs to have the agreement of a parent or guardian to be a donor.
· Having a serious condition like actively spreading cancer, HIV, diabetes, kidney disease, or heart disease can prevent you from donating as a living donor.
The Ministry of Health & Family Welfare has urged people all of communities to come forth and generously donate organs to help the noble cause of saving precious lives. The Ministry had launched the 6th World and first ever Indian Organ Donation Day and Organ Donation Congress 2010 in New Delhi.
NOTTO (National Organ Tissue Transplant Organization) is celebrating 6th Indian Organ Donation Day on 27th November 2015. On this day Union Health Ministry has appealed to its officials to take the pledge to donate their organs, thereby saving thousands of lives.
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Organ Donation 24X 7 Toll free Helpline No. 1800-11-4770
What is an organ?
An organ is a part of the body that performs a specific function: like your Heart, Lungs, Kidney, Liver etc
What is Organ Donation?
Organ Donation is the gift of an organ to a person with end stage organ disease and who needs a transplant.
What are the Organs that can be donated?
The organs that can be donated are:
Liver, Kidney, Pancreas, Heart, Lung, Intestine.
What is Tissue?
Tissue means a group of cells performing a particular function in the human body. Examples would be bone, skin, cornea of the eye, heart valve, blood vessels, nerves and tendon etc.
What are the tissues that can be donated?
The tissues that can be donated are:
Cornea, Bone, Skin, Heart Valve, blood vessels, nerves and tendon etc.
Who can be a Donor?
Living Donor: Any person not less than 18 years of age, who voluntarily authorizes the removal of any of his organ and/or tissue, during his or her lifetime
Deceased Donor: Anyone, regardless of age, race or gender can become an organ and tissue donor after his or her Death (Brainstem/Cardiac).
How can you be a donor?
The process of organ donation
· Living people in their lifetime can pledge their organs. They will receive Donor Card which acts as a will for donating the organs.
· In case of brain dead patients, Transplantation of Human Organs Act has been established with the rules to be followed for organ donation. Apart from the procedures laid down in the act, consent from family, coroner and legal authorities is obtained before starting the process.
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